Peter Reuter

Peter Reuter



4113F Van Munching Hall


Room, R., Fischer, B., Hall, W., Lenton, S., and Reuter, P. Cannabis Policy. Moving Beyond Stalemate Oxford University Press (2010)

Babor, T., Caulkins, J., Edwards, G., Fischer, B., Foxcroft, D., Humphreys, K., Obot, I., Rehm, J., Reuter, P., Room, R., Rossow, I., and Strang, J. Drug Policy and the Public Good Oxford University Press (2010)

Paoli, L., Greenfield, V., and Reuter, P. The World Heroin Market: Can Supply Be Cut? Oxford University Press (2009)

Reuter, P. and Truman, E. Chasing Dirty Money:The Fight Against Money Laundering Institute for International Economics (2004)

MacCoun, R. and Reuter, P. Drug War Heresies: Learning from Other Places, Times and Vices Cambridge University Press (2001)

Reuter, P. “Disorganized Crime”  The MIT Press (1983)


Halliday, T; Levi, M. and Reuter, P.  Global Surveillance of Dirty Money: Assessing Assessment of Regimes to Control Money Laundering and Combat the Financing of Terrorism American Bar Foundation (2014)

Kilmer, B., Caulkins,J. P., Bond, B. and Reuter, P.  Drug Trafficking Revenues and Violence in Mexico: Would Legalizing Marijuana in California Help? RAND Occasional Paper (2010)

Kilmer, B., Caulkins, J., Pacula R., MacCoun, R. and Reuter, P. Altered State?  Assessing marijuana legalization could affect marijuana consumption and public budgets in California  RAND Occasional Paper (2010)

Reuter, P. and Schnoz, D. Assessment of Swiss Drug Policy 1998-2007  Swiss Federal Office of Public Health (2009)

Reuter, P. and Stevens, A. An Analysis of UK Drug Policy  UK Drug Policy Commission (2007)

Boyum, D. and Reuter, P. An Analytic Assessment of U.S. Drug Policy  American Enterprise Institute (2005)

Caulkins, J., Reuter, P., Iguchi, M., and Chiesa, J. How Goes the War on Drugs RAND (2005)

Reuter, P., MacCoun, R., and Murphy, P. Money from Crime RAND (1990)

Reuter, P. and Haaga, J. The Organization of High Level Drug Markets RAND (1989)

Edited Volumes

Reuter, P. and Majmundar, M. (eds) Understanding the U.S. Illicit Tobacco Market: Characteristics, Policy Context, and Lessons from International Experiences National Academy Press (2015)

Reuter, P. (editor) Draining Development?:Controlling illicit flows of funds from developing countries World Bank Press (2012)

Redburn, S; Reuter, P. and Majmundar, M (eds.) Budgeting for Immigration Enforcement: A Path to Better Performance.  National Academy Press Report of Committee chaired by Reuter (2011)

Reuter, P. (editor) Understanding the Demand for Drugs National Academy of Sciences Press Report of a workshop chaired by Reuter (2010)

Reuter, P., Trautmann, F. (editors) Assessing the Operations of the Global Illicit Drug Markets, 1998-2007  Report for the European Commission [600 pages] Main Report authored by Reuter, as are two of the seven appendices (2009)

Articles & Book Chapters

Drug Markets-Consequences

Reuter, P. “Can Tobacco end game analysis learn anything from American experience with illegal drugs?Tobacco Control (2013)

Reuter, P. “Systemic Violence in Drug Markets Crime, Law and Social Change (2009)

Drug Markets-Enforcement

Pollack, H. and Reuter, P.  “Does Tougher Enforcement Raise Drug Prices?Addiction (2014)

Reuter, P. and Pollack, H. “Good markets make bad neighbors: regulating open air drug markets” Criminology and Public Policy 11(2) 211-220 (2012)

Bushway, S. and Reuter, P. “Deterrence, Economics and the Context of Drug Markets” Criminology and Public Policy Vol 10, Issue 1  pp.183-194 (2011)

Reuter, P. “Can Production and Trafficking of Illicit Drugs Be Reduced or Only Shifted?” in Keefer, P. (ed.) Innocent Bystanders: Developing Countries and the War on Drugs, Palgrave Macmillan (2010)

Caulkins, J. and Reuter, P. “How Drug Enforcement Affects Drug Prices Crime and Justice: A Review of Research 39 213-271 [R] (2010)

Caulkins, J. and Reuter, P. “Towards a harm reduction approach to enforcement Safer Communities 9(1) pp. 9-24 (2009)

Caulkins, J., Reuter, P., and Taylor, L. “Can Supply Restrictions Lower Price? Violence, Drug Dealing and Positional Advantage” Contributions to Economic Analysis & Policy, Vol 5(1), (2006)

Degenhardt, L., Reuter, P., Collins, L., and Hall, W. “Evaluating Explanations of the Australian 'Heroin Shortage” Addiction Vol 100, pp 459-469 (2004)

Drug Markets-Organization

Reuter, P. “Drug Markets and Organized Crime” in Paoli, L. (ed.) The Oxford Handbook on Organized Crime Oxford, Oxford University Press  pp. 359-380 (these are early proofs) (2014)

Paoli, L. and Reuter, P. “Drug Trafficking and Ethnic Minorities in Western Europe European Journal of Criminology, Vol 5(13), (2008)

Caulkins, J. and Reuter, P. “Illicit Drug Markets and Economic Irregularities” Socio-Economic Planning Sciences 40 1-14 (2006)

Reuter, P. “The Political Economy of Drug Smuggling” Chapter 7 in Vellinga, M. (ed.) The Political Economy of the Drug Industry. University Press of Florida, Gainesville (2004)

Reuter, P. “The Need for Dynamic Models of Drug MarketsBulletin on Narcotics 53, 2001, pp. 1-10 (2001)

Reuter, P. and MaCoun, R. “Are the Wages of Sin $30 and Hour? Economic Aspects of Street-level Drug DealingCrime and Delinquency Vol. 38 (4), October 1992, pp. 477-492 (1992)

Drug Markets-Operation

Soudijn, M., and Reuter, P. “Cash and carry: the high cost of currency smuggling in the drug trade.Crime, Law and Social Change, 1–20. (2016)

Paoli, L., Greenfield, V., and Reuter, P. “Is Medicinal Opium Production Afghanistan's Answer?: Lessons From India and the World MarketJournal of Drug Policy Analysis, Volume 2, Issue 1 (2009)

Drug Markets-Prices

Reuter, P. and Caulkins, J. “Purity, Price and Production: Are Drug Markets Different?  In de Grauwe and Costa Storti (eds) Illicit Trade and Globalization. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press (2011)

Reuter, P. and Caulkins, J. “Illegal Lemons: Price Dispersion in Cocaine and Heroin MarketsBulletin on Narcotics Volume LVI, Nos. 1 and 2, 2004, pp. 141-165 (2004)

Caulkins, J., Reuter, P. “What Price Data Tells Us About Drug MarketsJournal of Drug Issues Vol. 28 (3), Summer 1998, pp. 593-513 (1998)

Caulkins, J., Reuter, P. “The Meaning and Utility of Drug PricesAddiction Vol. 91 (9), September 1996, pp. 1261-1264 (1996)

Reuter, P., Kleiman, M. “Risks and Prices: An Economic Analysis of Drug EnforcementCrime and Justice: An Annual Review 9 , pp. 128-179 (1986)

Drug Markets-Scale

Kilmer, B, Caulkins J. Midgette, G., and Reuter, P. “Cocaine’s Fall and Marijuana's Rise: Questions and Insights Based on New Estimates of Consumption and Expenditures in U.S. Drug Markets Addiction 110 (5) 728-736 (2015)

Kilmer, B., Caulkins, J, Pacula, R. Reuter, P. “Bringing Perspective to Illicit Markets:Estimating the Size of the U.S. Marijuana MarketDrug and Alcohol Dependence 119 153-160 (2011)

Paoli, L., Greenfield, V., Charles, M., Reuter, P “India: The World's Third Largest Illicit Opium Producer?Addiction 104 (3) 347-354 (2009)

Drug Policy-Cannabis

Caulkins, J., Kilmer, B., MacCoun R., Pacula, R., and Reuter, P. “Design Considerations for Legalizing Cannabis: Lessons Inspired by Analysis of California’s Proposition 19” Addiction 107 (5)  865-871 [R] (2012)

Nguyen, H. and Reuter, P. “How Risky is Marijuana Possession? Considering the Role of Age, Race and Gender” Crime and Delinquency 58 879-910 [R] (2012)

MacCoun, R., Pacula, R., Chiriqi, J., Harrison, K. and Reuter, P. “Do Citizens Know Whether Their State Has Decriminalized Marijuana? Assessing the Perceptual Component of Deterrence Theory Review of Law and Economics Vol. 5, Issue 1, Article 5 (2009)

Pollack, H. and Reuter, P. “The implications of recent findings on the link between cannabis and psychosisAddiction, Vol 102, pp. 173-176 (2007)

MacCoun, R. and Reuter, P. “Evaluating Alternative Cannabis Control RegimesBritish Journal of Psychiatry Vol. 178, 2001, pp. 123-128 (2001)

MacCoun, R. and Reuter, P. “Interpreting Dutch Cannabis Policy: Reasoning by Analogy in the Drug Legalization DebateScience Vol. 278, October 3, 1997, pp. 47-52 (1997)

Drug Policy-International Policy

Paoli, L., Greenfield, V. A., and Reuter, P. “Change is possible: the history of the international drug control regime and implications for future policymaking.”  Substance Use & Misuse47(8–9), 923–935. (2012)

Room, R. and Reuter, P. “How well do international drug conventions protect public health?The Lancet 379 84-91 (2012)

Reuter, P. “How can US Domestic Drug Policy help Mexico?” in Olson, Shirk and Selee (eds), Shared Responsibility: US-Mexico Options for Confronting Organized Crime Washington, DC, Woodrow Wilson Center for International Scholars pp.121-140 (2010)

Reuter, P. “Do no harm: sensible goals for international drug pollicy The American Interest IV(4) pp. 46-52 (2009)

Reuter, P. and Ronfeldt, D. “Quest for Integrity: The Mexican-U.S. Drug Issue in the 1980sJournal of Interamerican Affairs 34 (3), pp.89-153 (1992)

Reuter, P  “Can the Borders be Sealed?The Public Interest, Summer 1988, pp. 51-65 (1988)

Drug Policy-Law and Regulation

Reuter, P., & Pardo, B. “Can new psychoactive substances be regulated effectively? An assessment of the British Psychoactive Substances Bill.” Addiction. (2016)

Sevigny, E; Pollack, H., and Reuter, P. “Can Drug Courts Help Reduce Prison and Jail Populations?” Annals of American Academy for Political and Social Sciences 647 190-212 (2013)

Reuter, P. “Why Has American Drug Policy Changed so Little in 30 years?” Crime and Justice in America, 1975-2025 Crime and Justice (2013)

Reuter, P. and Stevens, A. “Assessing U.K. Drug Policy from a Crime Control Perspective Criminology and Criminal Justice 8(4) pp. 461-482 (2008)

Caulkins, J. and Reuter, P. “Reorienting U.S. Drug Policy Issues in Science and Technology Online, Fall (2006)

Reuter, P. “What Drug Policies Cost. Estimating Government Drug Policy Expenditures” Addiction, Vol 101, pp. 312-322 (2006)

Reuter, P. and Pollack, H. “How Much Can Treatment Reduce National Drug Problems? Addiction, Vol 101, pp. 341-347 (2006)

Reuter, P. and Caulkins, J. “Does Precursor Regulation Make a Difference? Addiction Vol. 98 (9), pp. 1177-1179 (2003)

MacCoun, R., Kilmer, B., Reuter, P. “Research on Drugs-Crime Linkages: The Next GenerationNIJ Special Report (2003)

Caulkins, J. and Reuter, P. “Setting Goals for Drug Policy: Harm Reduction or Use Reduction?Addiction Vol. 97 (9), September 1997, pp. 1143-1150 (1997)

Drug Policy-Legalization Debate

Caulkins, J., Reuter, P., and Coulson, C. “Basing Scheduling Decisions on Scientific Ranking of Drugs’ Harmfulness: False Promise from False Premises Addiction. 106 (11): 1886-1890 (2011)

MacCoun, R. and Reuter P. “Assessing Drug Prohibition and its Alternatives: A Guide for Agnostics Annual Review of Law and Social Sciences. Vol. 7 (2011)

Reuter, P., MacCoun, R. “Is a U.S. Heroin Maintenance Experiment Necessary?” in Musto (ed.) One Hundred Years of Heroin. Greenwood Press (2001)

Reuter, P. “Why Can't We Make Prohibition Work Better?Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. 141, No. 3. (Sep., 1997), pp. 262-275 (1997)

Drug Policy-Measurement

Kilmer, B., Reuter, P., and Giommoni, L. “What Can Be Learned from Cross-National Comparisons of Data on Illegal Drugs?Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, Vol. 44 (2015)

Kilmer, B, Caulkins J. Midgette, G., and Reuter, P. “Cocaine’s Fall and Marijuana's Rise: Questions and Insights Based on New Estimates of Consumption and Expenditures in U.S. Drug Markets” Addiction [R] (2014)

Reuter, P. “Drug Use” Chapter 13, Besharov, D. (ed.) Family and Child Well-Being After Welfare Reform. Transaction Press, New Brunswich, NJ (2003)

Reuter, P. and Greenfield, V. “Measuring global drug markets; how good are the numbers and why should we care about themWorld Economics Vol. 2 (4), 2001, pp.155-173 (2001)

Drug Policy-Other

Reuter, P. “Is Prevalence an Appropriate Target for Drug Policy? in Zedillo, E. and H. Wheeler (eds.)  Rethinking the “War on Drugs” Through the US-Mexico Prism A Yale Center for the Study of Globalization eBook  pp.85-94 (2012)

Reuter, P. “Ten years after UNGASS: assessing drug problems, policies and reform proposals Addiction 104, pp. 510-517 (2009)

Cook, P. and Reuter, P. “When is alcohol just another drug?Addiction, Vol 102, pp. 1183-1188 (2007)

Pollack, H. and Reuter, P. “Welfare Receipt and Substance Abuse Treatment Among Low-Income Mothers: The Impact of Welfare ReformAmerican Journal of Public Health, Vol 96(11), pp. 2024-2031 (2006)

Reuter, P. “Why Does Research Have So Little Impact on American Drug Policy?Addiction Vol. 96 (3), March 2001, pp. 373-376 (2001)

Money Laundering

Reuter, P. “Benefits and Costs of the IFF Targets for the Post-2015 Development Agenda Commentary for the Copenhagen Consensus (2014)

Levi, M. and Reuter, P. “Money Laundering” in Tonry, M. (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Public Policy, Oxford University Press (2009)

Levi, M. and Reuter, P. “Money Laundering Crime and Justice, Vol 34, 2006, pp. 289-375 (2006)

Reuter, P. and Truman, E. “Money Laundering Controls and Terrorist Finance” Financial Regulator Vol. 10, No. 2 September 2005, pp.35-37 (2005)

Reuter, P. “Are Estimates of the Volume of Money Laundering Either Feasible or Useful?” in Unger and van der Linde Research Handbook on Money Laundering, Edward Elgar Publishing (2013)


Reuter, P. and O’Regan, D. “Smuggling wildlife in the Americas: scale, methods, and links to other organized crimes” Global Crime0(0), 1–23. (2016)

Pollack, H. Sevigny, E. and Reuter P. “If Drug Treatment Works So Well, Why are So Many Drug Users Incarcerated? in Cook, P., Ludwig,J. and J. McCrary. Controlling Crime: Strategies and Trade-offs. /NBER Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 125-160 (2011)   

Reuter, P. and Bushwa, S.Economists’ Contribution to the Study of Crime and the Criminal Justice System Crime and Justice: A Review of Research Vol. 37, (2008)

Reuter, P. and Bushway, S. “Revisiting Incapacitation: Can We Generate New Esimates?” (2007). J Quant Criminol Vol. 23 (2007), pp. 259-265 (2007)

Reuter, P. and Mouzos, J. “Australia: A Massive Buyback of Low-Risk Guns Chapter 4 in Cook, P., Ludwig, J. (eds) Evaluating Gun Control. Brookings Institution, Washington, DC (2003)

Bushway, S. and Reuter, P. “Labor Markets and Crime Risk Factors” in Farrington & Welsh (eds.) Preventing Crime. London, Routledge, Kegan and Paul, pp. 198-240. Also Chapter 6 in Lawrence Sherman et al. Preventing Crime: What Works, What Doesn’t and What is Promising. National Institute of Justice, 1997 (2002)

Bushway, S. and Reuter, P. “Labor Markets and Crime” in Wilson, J., Petersilia, J. (eds.) Crime, 2nd edition, pp. 191-224 (2001)

Koper, C. and Reuter, P. “Suppressing Gun Markets: Insights from Drug EnforcementLaw and Contemporary Problems Vol 59 (1), Winter 1996, pp. 119-146 (1996)

Other Topics

Reuter, P., Pacula R., and J. CaulkinsRAND’s Drug Policy Research Center” Addiction. 106 253-259 (2011)

Caulkins, J., Kleiman, M., and Reuter, P. “Lessons of the ‘War’ on Drugs for the ‘War’ on Terrorism” in Howitt & Pangi (eds) Countering Terrorism: Dimensions of Preparedness. MIT Press, Cambridge, pp. 73-93 (2003)

Reuter, P. and Smith-Ready, J. “Editors Note: Assessing JPAM after 20 years Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, Vol. 21 (3), 2002, pp. 339-353 (2002)

Magazine Essays

Reuter, P. “Illicit Drug PolicyThe Milken Institute Review (2010)

Kilmer, B. and Reuter, P. “Prime Numbers: Doped” Foreign Policy November/December pp.34-35 (2009)

MacCoun, R. and Reuter, P. “Cocaine, Marijuana and HeroinAmerican Prospect, 3, June (2002)

Reuter, P. The Limits of Supply Side Drug Control First Quarter 2001, pp. 14-23 (2001)

MacCoun, R. and Reuter, P. “Does Europe Do It Better? Lessons from Holland, Britain and Switzerland The Nation, September (1999)

Reuter, P.  “Drug Use Measures: What Are They Really Telling Us? National Institute of Justice Journal, April 1999, pp. 12-19 (1999)

Op-Eds and Testimony

Making Drug Courts Useful (2010). Reuter, P. Testimony before the Domestic Policy Subcommittee, Oversight and Government Reform Committee, April 14, 2010

An Assessment of Drug Incarceration and Foreign Interventions (2009). Reuter, P. Testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Government Reform, May 19, 2009

An Assessment of ONDCP’s Budget Concept (2005). Reuter, P. Testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Government Reform, February 10, 2005

Make Sure Maryland Keeps the Jackpot (2003). Reuter, P. Washington Post, February 9, 2003, p. B2

Myths About Drugs and Welfare (2002). Pollack, H., Reuter, P. Washington Post Editorial, October 1, 2002, p. A21

What Can be Done at the Border (2001). Reuter, P. Washington Post Editorial, December 28, 2001, p. A23

One Tough Plant (2000). Reuter, P. NY Times Editorial, March 31, 2000, Section A, pg. 27